November 28, 2021

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Kim Yo Jong: Sister of North Korean leader promoted to nation’s top ruling body

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The announcement — published in North Korea’s state-run news outlet KCNA — said Kim Yo Jong is now a member of the State Affairs Commission (SAC), the country’s ruling body headed by her brother.
Kim Yo Jong was already one of the country’s most important political figures and a key adviser to her brother, but a seat on the SAC is the highest official position she has held.

Seven others were promoted alongside her as part of a shake-up of the SAC, though Kim Yo Jong was the only woman. Nine members were retired or demoted, including 82-year-old Pak Pong Ju, Kim Jong Un’s economic policymaker for the past decade.

Ri Pyong Chol, the driver of North Korea’s weapons program and top military commander under Kim Jong Un, was demoted. His place was taken by military general Pak Jong Chon, who had been overseeing the development of new weapons for the country.
Earlier this week, Pak supervised a test of what the North claimed was its first hypersonic missile, which — if true — has the potential to be one of the world’s fastest and most accurate weapons, and could be fitted with a nuclear warhead, experts say.

Resumption of communication line

News of Kim Yo Jong’s promotion came after Kim Jong Un told the country’s rubber-stamp legislative assembly on Wednesday that he would restore discontinued communication lines with the South in early October, KCNA reported.

The lines are considered important because they can help prevent an accidental military confrontation caused by misinterpreting or miscalculating the other side’s action or intention.

In response, South Korea’s government said it will begin preparations and looks forward to the “restoration and stable management” of inter-Korean communications, according to the Unification Ministry.

North Korea severed the communication lines in June last year. The two countries restored direct communication this July — only for it to break down the following month.

Why is Kim Yo Jong’s promotion significant?

Kim Yo Jong’s elevation to the country’s core committee of decision makers appears to officially cement her role in North Korea’s leadership.
She is believed to be one of her brother’s most powerful and trusted confidantes. Last year, South Korea’s National Intelligence Service assessed her to be the country’s “de facto second in command” — but her official status has always been unclear.
What Kim Yo Jong's rise to the top says -- and doesn't say -- about being a woman in North Korea
As North Korea’s chief propagandist, Kim Yo Jong was the face of the country’s delegation at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea where she met with South Korean President Moon Jae-In. She was credited with helping lay the groundwork for the first summit between Moon and her brother, for which she had a seat at the table, and was at Kim Jong Un’s side in Singapore when he met then-US President Donald Trump.

In 2020, South Korea’s spy agency told lawmakers she had been put in charge of relations with the South and the United States.

More recently, as vice department director of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, she has made scathing public statements on inter-Korean relations, the new Biden administration, and defended North Korea’s missile launches.
Chaos in the Koreas sees Kim Jong Un's sister emerge stronger than ever

Last week, Kim Yo Jong demanded the South make “the correct choice” if it genuinely wants reconciliation and development in inter-Korean relations, including another summit. She also warned the US and South Korea to stop their “hostile” policy against North Korea, before discussions can resume on a proposal by the South Korean President to declare an end to the war between the North and South.

But Kim Yo Jong’s rise to the top has not been smooth.

Earlier this year, she was removed as an alternate member from North Korea’s powerful politburo and demoted from “first vice department director” to “vice department director.”

Analysts at the time said her apparent demotion may have more to do with Kim Jong Un’s focus on reshuffling the politburo to include more economic experts. Others speculated she may have taken the heat for her handling of the inter-Korean relationship last summer, when she directed North Korea’s armed forces to blow up an $8 million joint liaison office in the city of Kaesong to express Pyongyang’s displeasure with Seoul.

CNN’s Joshua Berlinger contributed reporting.

2021-09-30 03:59:02

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